For most people, treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can come in the form of medications and dietary changes.
Over-the-counter antacids can provide quick relief for GERD sufferers.
Proton pump inhibitors can come in over-the-counter and prescription form. These block acid production and give the esophageal tissue time to heal.
For those with persistent GERD, doctors may prescribe medications to reduce acid production.
Lifestyle and dietary changes can also help those with GERD. People who suffer from GERD should avoid eating fatty or fried foods, tomato products, alcohol, chocolate, mint, garlic, onion and caffeine.
GERD sufferers should also try to several smaller meals throughout the day instead of a few large meals, should avoid laying down soon after eating, maintain a healthy weight, avoid wearing tight-fitting clothing, and should elevate the head of their bed when they sleep.