On this day: July 26

Published On: Jul 25 2012 06:47:01 PM EDT   Updated On: Jul 26 2013 02:00:00 AM EDT

The Inca civilization suffers a blow, the Postal Service, the FBI and the CIA are born, The Babe makes his last public appearance, and the space shuttle returns to space, all on this day.

OTD July 26 - Potsdam Declaration
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National Archives and Records

1945: The Potsdam Declaration, which outlines the terms of surrender for the Empire of Japan during World War II, is signed in Potsdam, Germany. The declaration included the ultimatum that, if Japan did not surrender, it would face "prompt and utter destruction." Japan would initially reject the ultimatum, leading to the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on Aug. 6 and 9, respectively.

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