The vacuum is invented, Ty Cobb makes his major-league debut, Bob Dylan releases "Highway 61 Revisited," and Thurgood Marshall is confirmed as the first black justice on the Supreme Court, all on this day.
1945: Gen. Douglas MacArthur arrives in Japan and sets up Allied occupation headquarters. Seen here with Emperor Hirohito, MacArthur and his staff would help Japan rebuild itself after World War II. The U.S. was firmly in control of Japan to oversee its reconstruction, and MacArthur was effectively the interim leader of Japan from 1945 until 1948.
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