Work begins on Mount Rushmore, Sputnik is launched into space, the pope visits America for the first time, Janis Joplin is found dead of an overdose, all on this day.
1957: Russell Simmons, the business magnate who co-founded the pioneering hip-hop label Def Jam, is born in Queens, N.Y. He also created the clothing fashion lines Phat Farm, Argyleculture and American Classics.
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