On top of these, Xi has to manage a rising China and a surge in nationalism that is pushing China in confrontation with Japan and other neighbors.
All these are causing political, social and economic tensions.
Xi cannot afford put big decisions on hold, analysts said.
"The rising tide of mass resentment, emboldened by social media and ubiquitous communications, and the political scandals of 2012, all combined with Xi's sense and vision to give him a power surge," said China-watcher Robert Lawrence Kuhn.
"He has surprising credibility and abundant political capital. If he is serious about tackling China's entrenched problems, he will need to spend that political capital."
How Xi handle these issues will set the tone for China's 1.3 billion people --and for the entire world.