LOS ANGELES -

City Council voted 9-1 on Tuesday to ban free plastic bags in Los Angeles grocery stores.

Los Angeles becomes the largest U.S. city to ban free plastic bags. The ban will take effect on Jan. 1 for large stores. Under the new law, shoppers will have to bring their own bags, or pay 10 cents each for paper bags.

About $2 million per year is spent in Los Angeles cleaning litter caused by plastic bags. The city plans to hand out 1 million reusable bags in low-income areas. Stores would face up to $500 in fines for defying the ban.

The ban applies to stores that sell perishable food items, such as convenience stores, supermarkets and other large retailers.

Santa Monica and San Francisco have already banned plastic bags.