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1765: The British Parliament passes the Stamp Act requiring that many printed materials in the colonies be produced on stamped paper produced in London and carrying an embossed revenue stamp. The act, which caused bitter and violent opposition in the colonies, would be repealed a year later. Seen here is a 1765 proof sheet of one-cent stamps required for newsprint.
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1887: Comedian and actor Chico Marx is born Leonard Marx in New York City. The oldest of the Marx Brothers comedy team, he was known for his adopted persona of a dim-witted albeit crafty con artist, seemingly of rural Italian origin, and sported a curly-haired wig and Tyrolean hat. He died from arteriosclerosis at the age of 74 on Oct. 11, 1961.
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1895: The first motion picture shown on a screen is presented by the Lumière brothers (Auguste Lumière on the left and Louis Lumière on the right) in Paris, France. The film the Lumières shot specially for the occasion shows workers leaving the Lumières' own factory in Lyon, which made all kinds of photographic products. The workers streamed out, most on foot and some on bicycles. Several more such screenings followed before the first public performance, at the Grand Café in Paris on Dec. 28, 1895. The Lumières soon began opening cinemas in London, Brussels, Berlin and New York.
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1912: Actor Karl Malden, best known for the 1970s crime drama "The Streets of San Francisco" (pictured, at left, with Michael Douglas) as well as movies like "A Streetcar Named Desire" and "On the Waterfront," is born Mladen Djordje Sekulovich in Chicago, Illinois. Malden, who won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for "A Streetcar Named Desire," also appeared in movies such as "One-Eyed Jacks," "Baby Doll," "How the West Was Won" and "Patton." He died at age 97 on July 1, 2009.