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Upper Peninsula bridges provide nests for endangered falcons

Peregrine falcon still listed as an endangered species in Michigan

Falcons are seen in their nesting box on the Portage Lake Lift Bridge on June 29 in this webcam image. (MDOT photo)
Falcons are seen in their nesting box on the Portage Lake Lift Bridge on June 29 in this webcam image. (MDOT photo)

LANSING, Mich. – This summer, the Upper Peninsula bridges have housed peregrine falcons.

Falcons at the Sault Ste. Marie International Bridge successfully raised a chick, and more on the Portage Lake Lift Bridge between Houghton and Hancock had three hatchlings this spring.

On the eastern end of the U.P., bridge engineer for the International Bridge Administration (IBA) Karl Hansen reported that a pair of peregrine falcons successfully nested atop the bridge between the U.S. and Canada this spring, hatching two chicks, one of which died after hatching.  

In 2010, box nests for the peregrines were installed on the International Bridge's U.S. and Canadian arches. Last year, the same pair of peregrine falcons successfully nested on the International Bridge, hatching four chicks. The site has hatched 24 falcon chicks since 2010, when the nest box was installed and IBA staff started counting the birds, Hansen said. 

The IBA added a nest camera, the "FalCam," which has become very popular. The live video stream is viewable at at www.saultbridge.com/falcam. Since it went online, the IBA has seen website usage increase by 46 percent. The camera came online this spring, just in time for the seasonal return of the peregrine falcons. 

The Michigan Department of Transportation installed two nest boxes in 2012 on the Portage Lake Lift Bridge at the other end of the U.P. One box was installed on the North Bridge tower and one on the South Bridge tower. A pair of falcons discovered the nesting site the next spring and has now raised a total of 15 chicks there. A webcam has been installed there as well and is viewable at http://pasty.com/nestbox.html.

The chicks at the Lift Bridge were banded by a Michigan Department of Natural Resources (DNR) team on June 20, while the International Bridge birds were banded by a team on June 26. Color-coded bands attached to the legs of young birds allow scientists to track the movements, reproductive behavior and population growth of the falcons. 

In addition to their leg bands, the peregrine chicks received names. At the International Bridge, the bridge staff collaborated with the Sault Ste. Marie Michigan Convention and Visitor's Bureau to name their bird in conjunction with the city's 350th anniversary this summer. The chick was named Susan, after Susan Johnston (Ozhaguscodaywayquay in Ojibwe), the wife of a fur trader and a prominent Sault resident in the early 1800s.

Members of a Michigan DNR team put identifying bands on this peregrine falcon chick that successfully hatched at the Sault Ste. Marie International Bridge this year. (IBA photo)
Members of a Michigan DNR team put identifying bands on this peregrine falcon chick that successfully hatched at the Sault Ste. Marie International Bridge this year. (IBA photo)

At the Lift Bridge, DNR and bridge staff named the males Hawkeye and Boden, while the female was named Harmony. The new peregrines at both bridges should be ready to leave the nest in another few weeks.

Michigan lost its peregrine falcons in the 1960s and 1970s due to the use of DDT and other environmental contaminants. Since conservation efforts started in the mid-1980s, the number of peregrine nests has slowly increased. Now there are about 40 falcon pairs actively trying to nest statewide, with one to two new pairs discovered most years.

The peregrine falcon has been removed from the federal endangered species list, but is listed as an endangered species in Michigan, protected by state and federal law. Peregrines have adapted to city habitats, nesting on tall buildings, smokestacks and bridges around the world. 

High-speed hunters capable of flying at 200 mph, the peregrines may help keep populations of nuisance pigeons under control. The predators may be able to help keep pigeons away from bridges, potentially saving maintenance money down the line, as pigeon droppings can damage paint on metal bridge surfaces.

Michigan DNR wildlife technician Ryan McGillviray holds a falcon chick during banding operations at the Portage Lake Lift Bridge on June 20. A pair of falcons nesting on the bridge between Houghton and Hancock raised three hatchlings this spring. (MDNR photo)
Michigan DNR wildlife technician Ryan McGillviray holds a falcon chick during banding operations at the Portage Lake Lift Bridge on June 20. A pair of falcons nesting on the bridge between Houghton and Hancock raised three hatchlings this spring. (MDNR photo)