What's next: House investigators summon Bolton to testify

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House Rules Committee Chairman Jim McGovern, D-Mass., joined from left by Rep. Rob Woodall, R-Ga., and Rep. Tom Cole, R-Okla., presides over a markup of the resolution that will formalize the next steps in the impeachment inquiry of President Donald Trump, at the Capitol in Washington, Wednesday, Oct. 30, 2019. Democrats have been investigating Trump's withholding of military aid to Ukraine as he pushed the country's new president to investigate Democrats and the family of rival presidential contender Joe Biden. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

WASHINGTON, DC – For only the fourth time in U.S. history, the House of Representatives has started a presidential impeachment inquiry. House committees are trying to determine if President Donald Trump violated his oath of office by asking a foreign country to investigate a political opponent.

A quick summary of the latest news:


— House investigators are summoning former national security adviser John Bolton to testify in their impeachment inquiry.

— A State Department Foreign Service officer told impeachment investigators that Bolton cautioned him that Rudy Giuliani "was a key voice with the president on Ukraine" and could complicate U.S. goals in the Eastern European country.

— The No. 2 official at the State Department faced off Wednesday with senators demanding to know why he didn't know more about the Trump administration's backchannel diplomacy with Ukraine and the dismissal of the U.S. ambassador to Kyiv, issues now at the heart of the impeachment inquiry.



— Tim Morrison, Trump's top adviser for Russian and European affairs, is scheduled to testify Thursday before the House impeachment investigators. Morrison is leaving his job at the White House, according to a senior administration official who was not authorized to discuss Morrison's job and spoke only on condition of anonymity.

— House Democrats are pushing toward their first formal vote on impeachment Thursday. GOP leaders are decrying the process as unfair as they work to prevent defections.



Sixty U.S. senators, including nine Democrats, represent states won by Donald Trump in 2016. If the House were to impeach Trump, 67 senators would need to vote "guilty" on any count to convict and remove him from office. That's a high bar, especially in hyper-partisan times. Both Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton, the only U.S. presidents to be impeached, were acquitted in the Senate. Richard Nixon avoided impeachment by resigning.

The Senate has 53 Republicans, 45 Democrats and two independents who vote with the Democrats. At least 20 Republicans would have to defect, assuming all Democrats and independents vote to convict.

Four Republicans have said they are not seeking reelection. Nineteen others are running to keep their seats, mostly in Trump states.



The Trump impeachment inquiry spilled over into a Senate confirmation hearing Wednesday as Democrats barraged the nominee to be ambassador to Russia with questions about why he didn't know more about the Trump administration's backchannel diplomacy with Ukraine:



Associated Press writers Deb Riechmann, Zeke Miller and Matthew Lee contributed to this report.